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A Closer Look at Diabetic Eye Disease

Unfortunately, diabetes is extremely common. A lot of people aren't aware of how just much it can affect sufferers. For instance, diabetes can easily lead to developing quite a few eye-related diseases. Generally, these include cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and also a number of other conditions that can still worsen your vision.

Diabetic retinopathy, which occurs as a result of high blood glucose levels causing damage to the blood vessels in the retina. It's also a very common cause of blindness in adults.

While cataracts, which lead to vision impairment, are a common result of aging, a lot of people don't know that diabetes patients are likely to develop these at an younger age.

People with diabetes have double the odds of developing glaucoma, sometimes referred to as the silent thief of sight, which is a serious, sight-threatening condition. This disease is characterized by optic nerve damage, and this can lead to loss of vision. If this goes untreated, the vision loss can lead to blindness.

All diabetes sufferers, regardless of whether they have type 1 or type 2, have an increased risk of developing diabetic eye disease, especially if their diabetes isn't adequately treated. Additional risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, poor diet, lack of exercise, and smoking.

Symptoms of diabetic eye diseases usually vary when blood sugar levels do. These generally include:

  • Double vision
  • Eye pain
  • Blurred vision and blind spots
  • Seeing floaters, or shadow in the field of view
  • Trouble with near vision
  • Corneal abrasions

It is essential to note that the onset of diabetic eye disease can occur before symptoms are apparent.

Early detection can often mean the difference between keeping and losing sight, and is usually a prerequisite for avoiding subsequent deterioration of vision and recovery of sight, if possible. Because of this, diabetes patients are strongly encouraged to have an annual eye exam to keep tabs on the health of their eyes. If you suffer from diabetes, it's so important to be sure you are educated about diabetic eye disease. Annual eye exams, coupled with positive lifestyle choices, can make the difference between a world of sight and a world of darkness.